Knowledge, Attitudes, and Skills of Nurses in Implementing an Early Warning System

  • Belinda Muharma Passa Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Hajjul Kamil Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Hilman Syarif Universitas Syiah Kuala

Abstract

This study aims to determine the relationship between nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and skills with the implementation of the Early Warning System. This research is a quantitative method with a cross-sectional approach. This research was conducted at the Aceh Regional General Hospital. The population in this study were all nurses in the Inpatient Room with a sample of 209 nurses. The data were collected using a questionnaire as a research instrument and consisting of closed questions. The data were analyzed with SPSS using chi-square and logistic regression model, with a 95% confidence level and the odds ratio. The results showed that nurses' knowledge (p-value 0.017) and skills (p-value 0.001) influenced the implementation of the Early Warning System. Nurse skills are a significant factor, with an Odds Ratio (Exp. B) of 16.05. Therefore, it is recommended for every nurse to attend seminars, training, and other self-development activities. In this case, the increase in nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and skills are very influential in implementing the Early Warning System.

Keywords: Attitude, Early Warning System, Knowledge, Nurse, Skills

Article Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alligood, M. R. (2013). Nursing Theorists and Their Work (8th Edition). Berkeley: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Aswiati, L., et al. (2020). Hubungan Pengetahuan Perawat tentang Early Warning Score dengan Pendokumentasian Early Warning Score di Ruang Rawat Inap Dewasa Rumah Sakit Dr. Soetarto Yogyakarta. Mikki: Majalah Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan Indonesia, 9(1), 27-37.

Avard, B., et al. (2011). Training Manual for the National Early Warning Score and Associated Education Programme. Australia: Health Service Executive.

Azwar, S. (2010). Sikap Manusia: Teori dan Pengukurannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Duncan, K. D., et al. (2012). Early Warning Systems: The Next Level of Rapid Response. Nursing, 42(2), 38-44. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NURSE.0000410304.26165.33

Editorial. (2013). National Early Warning Score. Dublin: Department of Health.

Ekwantoro, E., et al. (2020). Skills in Early Warning Score Sheet Filling with Nursing Decision Making in Code Blue Team Activation. The Malaysian Journal of Nursing, 12(2), 94-97. doi: https://doi.org/10.31674/mjn.2020.v12i02.012

Firmanto, Y. (2021). Early Warning System: Solusi Klaim Negatif Rumah Sakit Program Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional. Jurnal Ekonomi Akuntansi dan Manajemen, 20(1), 12-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.19184/jeam.v20i1.19303

Fitri, E. Y., et al. (2020). Pengaruh Discharge Planning Model LIMA terhadap Kesiapan Pulang pada Pasien dengan Diabetes Melitus. Jurnal Kepemimpinan dan Manajemen Keperawatan, 3(1), 15-21. doi: https://doi.org/10.32584/jkmk.v3i1.443

Jamal, N. A. (2020). "Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Keterampilan Perawat tentang Early Warning Score (EWS) di RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan". Bachelor Thesis. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Jayasundera, R., et al. (2018). Are Early Warning Scores Useful Predictors for Mortality and Morbidity in Hospitalised Acutely Unwell Older Patients? A Systematic Review. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 7(10), 1-11. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7100309

Jensen, J. K., et al. (2019). Introducing the National Early Warning Score-A Qualitative Study of Hospital Nurses’ Perceptions and Reactions. Nursing Open, 6(3), 1067-1075. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.291

Mathukia, C., et al. (2015). Modified Early Warning System Improves Patient Safety and Clinical Outcomes in an Academic Community Hospital. Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives, 5(2), 1-6. doi: https://doi.org/10.3402/jchimp.v5.26716

Notoatmodjo, S. (2012). Promosi Kesehatan dan Perilaku Kesehatan (Revision Edition). Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.

Potter, P. A. & Perry, A. G. (2006). Buku Ajar Fundamental Keperawatan: Konsep, Proses dan Praktik. Jakarta: CV. EGC.

Rajagukguk, C. R. & Widani, N. L. (2020). Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kepatuhan Pelaksanaan Monitoring Early Warning. Carolus Journal of Nursing, 2(2), 132-148.

Situmorang, A. S. (2018). "Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Perawat terhadap Kepatuhan Skoring Early Warning Score di Ruang Bethesda Rumah Sakit Umum Siloam Kupang". Bachelor Thesis. Universitas Pelita Harapan.

Subhan, N., et al. (2019). Implementasi Early Warning Score pada Kejadian Henti Jantung di Ruang Perawatan Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung yang Ditangani Tim Code Blue Selama Tahun 2017. Jurnal Anestesi Perioperatif, 7(1), 33-41. doi: https://doi.org/10.15851/jap.v7n1.1583

Widiastuti, L., et al. (2017). Efektifitas Early Warning Score dalam Deteksi Kegawatdaruratan di Trauma Center RUMKITAL Dr. Midiyato S Tanjungpinang. Jurnal Keperawatan, 7(2), 775-781.

Zuhri, M. & Nurmalia, D. (2018, November 17). Pengaruh Early Warning System terhadap Kompetensi Perawat: Literature Review. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Keperawatan: Pengembangan Self Management pada Pelayanan Kesehatan, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, 215-220.

Published
2022-06-27
How to Cite
Passa, B. M., Kamil, H., & Syarif, H. (2022). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Skills of Nurses in Implementing an Early Warning System. SIGn Journal of Public Health, 1(1), 36-44. https://doi.org/10.37276/sjph.v1i1.147

Most read articles by the same author(s)